The "Day of Rage" is set to take place on Wednesday over new security measures introduced at the weekend by the Israelis after police were attacked at the site, known to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as the Temple Mount.
Hundreds of Muslim worshippers visited a Jerusalem holy site Sunday after Israel reopened the compound following a rare closure in response to a deadly shooting last week that raised concerns about wider unrest.
Similar call was issued by Palestinian Authority President and Fatah chairman Mahmoud Abbas on Monday, which was followed by a night of riots in East Jerusalem, leaving 50 Palestinians and one police officer hurt.
Instructed by Islamist groups and Muslim religious authority managing the Temple Mount, Waqf, Muslims refused to go through metal detectors and prayed outside. The mosque is Islam's third holiest site after Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia.
The centers stressed that the measures violate the right to free movement and work and are also considered as racist as Israel allows the Jews to enter the compound but bans Palestinian residents of Jerusalem al-Quds from entering or opening their shops.
Jerusalem's grand mufti, Mohammad Hussein, was arrested shortly after Friday prayers, which were held on a street outside the Old City.
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Mahmoud Abbas, who was quick to condemn the shooting attacks in a telephone call to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, is now in Beijing on a three-day visit to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping.
Jerusalem police commissioner Yoram Halevi said on the Israel Radio that Jerusalem is now quiet, and defended security checks.
The compound was reopened Sunday after Israel implemented additional security measures, including metal detectors at the compound to prevent further incidents. 'I assume that with time they will understand that this is not awful, ' he told Army Radio. Proposals to change security measures at the compound have sparked controversy in the past.
The attackers were Israeli Arabs from Umm al-Fahm in northern Israel, Rosenfeld said.
During the same two year period, Israeli forces have killed more than 254 Palestinians, a lot of them said by Israel to be attackers while others were killed in clashes with Israeli forces. Several Palestinians ignored the call, while at the second entrance more people headed into the compound, Reuters photographers said.